The goal of this study was to investigate have the method of payment of service workers is linked to the sexual harassment they experience. The female bartenders were viewed by male costumers/participants as more sexual and manipulative, and sexual behaviors towards her were seen as unproblematic when she was working for tips than a set income. The link between her working for tips and sexual behaviors towards her being seen as unproblematic was stronger when the bartender was viewed as manipulative. This study suggests that being paid in tips may contribute to the creation of a working environment where sexual harassment of female bartenders is tolerated and seen as unproblematic. If bartenders were instead paid a fixed salary, instead of working for tips, this may lead to bartenders experiencing less sexual harassment.
Klein, O., Arnal, C., Eagan, S., Bernard, P. and Gervais, S.J. (2020), “Does tipping facilitate sexual objectification? The effect of tips on sexual harassment of bar and restaurant servers”, Equality, Diversity and Inclusion,